Effects on the body
The most recognized and first identified cannabinoid is THC (∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol), this cannabinoid is associated with the psychoactive effects of cannabis. THC will vary between different strains, as well as different plants that are the same strain. Variants in growing conditions, like nutrients and lighting, as well as the plant’s genetics, play a significant role in the types of cannabinoids produced and their concentration.
Sativa vs Indica
Sativa’s tend to have a higher ratio of THC to CBD. They are thought to have more cerebral effects, resulting in energy and creativity. This makes Sativa strains a great candidate for daytime usage. Indica effects are primarily felt within the body. They tend to be more sedating and relaxing, with a lower risk for cannabis-associated anxiety; making them a great candidate for nighttime usage.
Increase Lung Functioning: Published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, one study found that not only does marijuana not harm the lungs, but it may also even increase lung capacity.2 The study followed over 5,000 young adults for 20 years and found that while tobacco users lost lung function, marijuana smokers increased theirs.
Cannabidiol; shown to relieve nausea, increase appetite, decrease convulsions, act as an anti-inflammation, aid in sleep, decrease anxiety, relieve pain, and stop muscle spasms. CBD alone has no psychoactive effects, but typically there will be low amounts of THC in a CBD-specific cannabis strain.
Cannabinol; has mild psychoactive properties. Shown to reduce intraocular pressure, a main characteristic of glaucoma, and to inhibit seizure activity.
Cannabichromene; provides pain relief, anti-inflammatory properties, and has shown antidepressant effects.
Cannabigerol; pain relief, specifically neuropathic pain, reduces anxiety, shown to improve gastrointestinal disease (Crohns, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.)
Tetrahydrocannabivarin; typically found in sativa strains it has been shown to reduce appetite, aiding in type 2 diabetes and some metabolic disorders. This list only depicts a small amount of the most common cannabinoids and chemical compounds found in medical cannabis. Two other biologically active molecules present in cannabis are flavonoids and terpenes.
Rick Simpson Oil has long been recognized as having cancer curing properties. The extraction process uses solvents like naphtha or food-grade alcohol; unlike butter, there is no fat added. A washing process is performed, followed by a very specific heating schedule.